Ethiopian constitution pdf amharic version ethiopia. Ethiopian constitution of 1955 6 b from the date of the proclamation of the present constitution, all realty registered in the name of the crown bete mengist are held in trust for the crown under the guardianship of the emperor and are inalienable. Article 57 every ethiopian has the duty to observe the constitution and laws of the peoples democratic republic of ethiopia, and to uphold the honor and dignity of ethiopian citizenship. Pdf constitution, constitutionalism and foundation of. Ethiopia s federalism is often studied from the perspective of the centre. C it is the emperors right to administer all of the inalienable properties of.
The role of communications in facilitating public participation in constitution making is often neglected and misunderstood, particularly in postwar statebuilding when mass media may be weak. Hence, when the ethiopian constitution states that power is given to the central government by the people nationalities, people, etc they do so because they believed in one united ethiopia that protects their local as well as national ethiopian interest. This constitution is an expression of their sovereignty. The sovereignty can be determined by selecting representative as per constitutional laws and by actively participating in the democratic process. Ethiopian constitution of 1931 1 chapter i the ethiopian empire and the succession to the throne art. Ethiopian constitution 1995 amharic version pdf by.
Abstract leaving constitutional space to sub national units so as to frame their own constitutions is an invariable practice across most federations. To be a genuine ethiopian one has to speak amharic, to listen to amharic music, to accept the amharatigre religion, orthodox christianity and to wear the amharatigre shamma in international conferences. Ethiopian constitution of 1931 ethiopian legal brief. Constitution of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia home basic information general information the house of peoples representatives the house of the federation current developments preamble we, the nations, nationalities and peoples of ethiopia. Its history, implications and limitations in africa in. It was promulgated in an impressive ceremony held 16 july 1931 in the presence of emperor haile selassie, who had long desired to proclaim one for his country. The structure of the ethiopian government and the new constitutions ability to overcome ethiopias problems t. The problem is only one ethnicity prospers at a time while the other ethnicities end up deep in debt. Ethnicity serves as the foundation for ethiopias political parties and is what motivates the constitutions twotiered federal system. Download limit exceeded you have exceeded your daily download allowance.
Foreign nationals may acquire ethiopian nationality. Ethiopias ancient system of feudal government experienced significant changes under haile selassie i reigned 193074, who carefully grafted onto the traditional governing institutions a weak parliament of appointed and elected legislators, a judiciary with modernized civil and criminal codes and a hierarchy of courts, and an executive. Ethiopian constitution pdf amharic version this proclamation may be cited as the constitution of the federal. Thinking beyond literalism zelalem eshetu abstract the amending power is crucial to enable each generation to adapt a constitution to newly changing realities. Nationalism, selfdetermination, article 39, the eyes of. The house of peoples representatives may, by twothirds majority vote, establish nationwide, or in some parts of the country only, the federal high court and firstinstance courts it deems necessary. Ethiopia s ancient system of feudal government experienced significant changes under haile selassie i reigned 193074, who carefully grafted onto the traditional governing institutions a weak parliament of appointed and elected legislators, a judiciary with modernized civil and criminal codes and a hierarchy of courts, and an executive. However, the power has also the risk of bringing radical change on it by modifying the core elements of the document. After the fall of derg in in may 1991, the democratic groups of ethiopia convened a conference in addis ababa between 1st 5th of july 1991. In some cases to be an ethiopian, you will even have to change your name. Supreme federal judicial authority is vested in the federal supreme court. Selassie in may 1991, the much hated and brutal militarymarxist dictatorship that traumatized ethiopians for seventeen years was finally overthrown.
Oct 18, 2010 their right is founded solely and exclusively on the sweeping constitutional guarantees they enjoy under articles 29 and of the ethiopian constitution. The hebrew old testament is silent on the fate of the ark of the covenant but the second century b. States shall be structured on the basis of settlement patterns, language, identity and consent of the people. Ethiopian constitution pdf amharic version free download as pdf file. Ethiopian constitution the following english translation of the ethiopian draft constitution is an unofficial draft that has been released to enable members of the international community follow the discussions and forthcoming elections, pending publication of the official translation.
Topics derg, mengistu collection opensource language english. Strongly committed, in full and free exercise of our right to selfdetermination, to building a political community founded on the rule of law and capable of ensuring. Constitution refers to alem ebook arthur butz hoax of the 20th century pdf akef. As here presented, are based upon copies originally drawn up in amharic and. The current constitution of ethiopia, which is the supreme law of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia, came into force on 21 august 1995. See haile, the new ethiopian constitution, supra note 1, at 5459. Download weakness of ethiopian constitution pdf document. Ethiopia s modern constitutional eras have presented unique human rights challenges. The language of amharic is spoken in the ethiopian government, court system, and on all official documents.
The peoples democratic republic of elhiopia is a soverei, state whose territory comprisin, the land. Revised constitutions of regional states ethiopian legal. Constitution of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia ilo. A new reality has emerged symbolized by, and reflected in, the constitution of 1994. Constitution of the federal democratic republic of. Rights of the child in ethiopia global network fighting. Strongly committed, in full and free exercise of our right to selfdetermination, to. Constitution of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia preamble we, the nations, nationalities and peoples of ethiopia. Constitution, constitutionalism and foundation of democracy in ethiopia article pdf available february 2015 with 44,660 reads how we measure reads. Establishment of the secretariat of the house of peoples representatives and of the house of the federation proclamation. Traditions from arabia, where arks were still being carried into battle in the 1920s a.
Article 29 reproduced also in the official amharic text below2 states. The peoples democratic republic of ethiopia is a unitary,tate in which all nalionalilies ii. All ethiopian languages shall enjoy equal state recognition. The state of the tigray people constitution amendment 1998 tigrigna and amharic version the 1995 ethiopian constitution explanatory note amharic version the 1995 fdre constitution minutes part one. Constitution in amharic, translation, englishamharic dictionary. Ooo am analysis of the constitution the drafting of the constitution, the original of which was in the official ethiopian language, amharic, was done under the direct supervision of emperor haile selassie, by a select group of foreign advisers, assisted by several of the young ethiopians whom the emperor had sent abroad to be educated. Nominally a system of civilian rule, the new constitution abolished the derg and established a new, popularly elected national assembly. Fundamental principles of the constitution ethiopia. Free amharic books online in pdf free download marzeneb technology. All the natives of ethiopia, subjects of the empire, form together the ethiopian empire.
The best amharic books ever, as voted on by the general goodreads community. The constitution provides sovereign power to all nationals and people of ethiopia. Ethiopia is the fastest growing economy in the world. It was adopted by the transitional government of ethiopia in december 1994 and came into force following the general election held in mayjune 1995. Ethiopia is also party to other international preliminary observations 1 crcc15add. The 1995 ethiopian constitution english and amharic version. Introduction in 1994, ethiopia enacted its new constitution. And by that, it has become one of the contentious article. Comments this is the official text as published in the federal negarit gazeta of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia, 1st year no. Constitution of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia. Whereas the draft constitution was submitted to the people at a referendum from the. While, because of fallible but capable of learning from experience, human nature.
Intention of the makers of the ethiopian constitution on the scope and. Modern constitutional history ethiopias 1994 constitution is a direct result of the government pursuing a policy of ethnic democracy. The feudal monarchy that has been its distinctive feature since prechristian times has been swept aside. The constitution consists of 106 articles in 11 chapters. About the constitution of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia. Curently the commercial bank of ethiopia is prospering mainly oromo elites only while others are sinking deeper. The 1994 constitution reflected both a backlash against the dergs ethnic violence and ethiopia s multitude of ethnic groups. Pdf media, participation and constitutionmaking in. Muthbhed a planned encounter 4 full movie dubbed in hindi free download torrent. Ethiopian constitution 1995 amharic version pdfabout 1995 ethiopian constitutionweakness of 1995 ethiopian constitutionethiopian orthodox bible 81 books amharic versionabout ethiopian constitutionethiopian constitution pdfethiopian constitution1995 constitution of ethiopia pdfamharic constitution of ethiopia 1931amharic constitution of ethiopia 19231 ethioian constitution pdf in amharic. Their sovereignty shall be expressed through their representatives elected in accordance with this constitution and through their direct democratic participation. The major military, if not the political, forces responsible for the demise of the dictatorship known as the.
The constitution was drawn up by the constituent assembly that was elected in june 1994. Ethiopian constitution amharic version pdf ethiopia. Posted in ethiopia tagged 1948 united states information and educational exchange act, article 19 universal declaration of human rights, ethio, ethiopia, ethiopia constitution articles 29, ethiopia free speech press, ethiopia jeffrey sachs, ethiopia voice of america amharic service, ethiopian constitution amharic text, grammar of dictators. Law and religion in ethiopia the evolution of a complex. In other words, states, and the people who live in them shall be corralled like cattle in tribal homelands in much the same way as the 10 bantustans black homelands of. The peoples democratic republic of ethiopia shall, while ae romplishing the national democratic revolution, lay the foundation for the. All the natives of ethiopia, subjects of the empire, form together the ethiopian. The federal constitution has three lists in this regard. This is the standard english translation found in sourcebook of ethiopian constitutional law p. Ethiopian orthodox church was the established church of the empire and was, as such, supported by the state. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Given in our imperial capital, on this the 24th day of tekemt, 1948 ethiopian calandar, and on the twentyfifth anniversary of our coronation. Peoples region the case of ethiopias southern nations. In short to be an ethiopian, you will have to wear.
The 1992 proclamation to provide for self governments english and amharic version. Revised constitution of the empire of ethiopia for the benefit, welfare and progress of our beloved people. Its adoption inaugurated the peoples democratic republic of ethiopia pdre. Christian oromo, many of whom speak amharic as their mother tongue.
The amharic version of this constitution shall have final legal authority. The fairly comprehensive online amharic dictionary. The constitution of the southern region includes instruments for the accommodation of ethnic diversity that display significant similarities with the devices included in the federal constitution and that accordingly demonstrate federal features. Apr 09, 2011 1955 revised constitution of ethiopia. The 1987 constitution of ethiopia was the third constitution of ethiopia, and went into effect on 22 february 1987 after a referendum on 1 february of that year. Second book of maccabees states it was hidden at mt nebo during the babylonian invasion and destruction of 587586 b. Score a books total score is based on multiple factors, including the number of people who have voted for it and how highly those voters ranked the book. The imperial constitutions of the empire of ethiopia. For a detailed history of the term and its application see haustein. The scope and limitation of the amending power in ethiopia. The language of these two articles is simple, plain, straightforward, unambiguous and requires no interpretation. Amharic also known as abyssinian, amarinya, amarigna, and ethiopian is the national language of ethiopia.
Amendments to the 1995 constitution of the federal. Twibell t woe to the nation in which each tribe claims to be a nation. The constitution attempted to situate ethiopia in the context of the worldwide movement of socalled progressive states and made no direct reference to africa. Problems and prospects for democracy by alemante g. The peoples democratic republic of ethiopia shall, while ae romplishing the national democratic revolution, lay the foundation for the ronsltuction of socialism. Amharic shall be the working language of the federal government. In ethiopia, the federal constitution declares that the federal government shall levy taxes and collect duties on sources reserved to it, and the states likewise exercise the same. The peoples democratic republic of ethiopia shall, while ae romplishing the national democratic revolution, lay.
Ethiopia adopted a constitution that creates a twotiered federal structure, which, at least in principle, emphasized ethnic groups rights and the right to selfdetermination. The constitution was adopted on 8 december 1994 and promulgated by the constitution of the federal democratic. Now therefore, we, haile selassie i, emperor of ethiopia, do, on the occasion of the twentyfifth anniversary of our coronation, hereby proclaim and place into force and effect as of today, the revised constitution of the empire of ethiopia for the benefit, welfare and progress of our beloved people. The period 1434 1974 the period before 1434 the era of modern codified laws 19311974 written imperial constitutions the civil code of 1960 and other laws ii. Constitution of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia wipo. Ethiopia is an amalgamation of approximately eight disparate and distinct eth. The short flirtation with communism and the civil war it spawned is also over. Ethiopia is an ancient state with a new constitution and a new beginning. On this page you can read or download weakness of ethiopian constitution pdf in pdf format. Doc amendment of state constitution in ethiopia in.
In 1987 the new constitution was proclaimed and the peoples democratic republic of ethiopia declared, modeled after the soviet system of government. Provisions of this constitution set out in the masculine gender shall also apply to the feminine gender. Since the th century is has been the language of the court and dominant population in highland ethiopia. Constitutional history of ethiopia constitutionnet. Any person of either sex shall be an ethiopian national where both or either parent is ethiopian.
It was adopted by the transitional government of ethiopia in december 1994 and came into force following the. If you dont see any interesting for you, use our search form on bottom v. Zelalem eshetu degifie abstract the constitution of the federal. Critics claim that the constitution was no more than an abridged version of the 1977 soviet constitution, with the exception that strong powers were assigned to the newly created. Article 39 of the ethiopian constitution on secession and. Constitution of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia preamble we the nations, nationalities and people of ethiopia. Pentecostal and charismatic christianity in ethiopia. Article 58 the exercise of freedoms and rights and the discharge of duties by citizens shall be determined by law. Ethiopian constitution 1995 amharic version pdfabout 1995 ethiopian constitutionweakness of 1995 ethiopian constitutionethiopian orthodox bible 81 books amharic versionabout ethiopian constitutionethiopian constitution pdfethiopian constitution1995 constitution of ethiopia pdfamharic constitution of ethiopia 1931amharic constitution of ethiopia 19231 ethioian constitution pdf in amharic languageethiopian.
The constitution of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia fdre under article. Ethiopian constitution of 1931 established in the reign of. This constitution establishes a federal and democratic state structure. The revised constitution of the afar national regional state. The territory of ethiopia, in its entirety, is, from one end to the other, subject to the government of his majesty the emperor. Amharic shall be the working language of the federal. The structure of the ethiopian government and the new constitution s ability to overcome ethiopia s problems t. As the countrys majority and most widely dispersed people, the oromo are present in at least twelve clusters in ten provinces. The amharic version of the amendment provides that. Particulars relating to nationality shall be determined by law. Whether there are any clear weaknesses in the constitution of ethiopia that ought to be amended. The 1931 constitution of ethiopia was the first modern constitution for ethiopia, intended to officially replace the fetha nagast, which had been the supreme law since the middle ages. An independent judiciary is established by this constitution.156 906 739 748 244 1623 1196 1120 1528 688 1609 825 1270 681 1168 420 812 1624 995 396 666 1655 235 153 228 1514 94 1103 983 1265 1377 1247 341 495 485 487 1274 785 52 316