Failure of process safety management on every level. According to rae, occidental pushed piper alphas systems to their maximum capacity from the outset. Piper alpha survivors recall disaster 25 years on business. The mcp01 pumping station was also connected directly to the. The vast inferno created by simultaneous eruptions from ruptured gas and.
Piper alpha platform, north sea offshore technology oil. Also, the probability of such an accident could be made arbitrarily small by controlling the level of detail in which the accident is described. Pdf the british offshore oil industry after piper alpha. Incident introduction late in the evening of 06 july 1988, a series of explosions ripped through the piper alpha platform in the north sea. Just a sample of presentation format for piper alpha disaster cause which may help u in preparation for something like this in the future. Piper alpha that killed 167 workers in the worlds deadliest offshore oil industry disaster. Jul 04, 20 the piper alpha disaster which killed 167 workers on 6 july 1988 off the coast of aberdeen is the worldsdeadliest ever oil rig accident.
There are other parallels that can be drawn from piper alpha, too, in management, cultural and technical failures that contributed to the loss of the oil rig and 167 lives. The conference marked the anniversary of the piper alpha disaster, which lord cullen investigated on behalf of the government. May 06, 20 piper alpha that killed 167 workers in the worlds deadliest offshore oil industry disaster. Piper alpha the house of lords landmark decision gard. It was caused by a massive fire, which was not the result of an unpredictable act of god but of. Piper alpha was an oil production platform on north sea, approximately 110 miles from aberdeen, which was operated by occidental petroleum caledonia ltd. An explosion and resulting oil and gas fires destroyed piper alpha on 6 july 1988, killing 167. The 106 recommendations made in his landmark 1990 report reshaped offshore safety culture. For similar platforms and for a welldefined class of accidents, however, this study is the. Aug 01, 20 lecture by brian appleton technical adviser to the enquiry on piper alpha accident. Piper alpha have served to demonstrate flaws in safety systems and procedures. The piper alpha disaster which killed 167 workers on 6 july 1988 off the coast of aberdeen is the worldsdeadliest ever oil rig accident. Within seconds a major unstabilised crudeoil fire developed and all but the wellhead area and the lower parts of the platform were engulfed in smoke.
A massive explosion 120 miles out to sea ignites a fight for survival for 226 men. Jul 04, 20 e ven 25 years on, charles haffeys most powerful memory of the piper alpha disaster was the overwhelming, deafening noise. It began exporting oil from the piper oilield discovered. In 1976 the platform began producing oil then was later converted to add gas production to its capabilities.
Part of the problem of trying to examine this event is its complexity. Furthermore, macondo raises regulatory concerns for the us just as the 1988 piper alpha disaster. Learning from the piper alpha accident semantic scholar. As shifts changed and the night crew aboard piper alpha assumed duties for the evening, one of the platforms two condensate pumps failed. The 1988 piper alpha disaster remains one of the worst. Piper alpha est le nom dune ancienne plateforme petroliere situee en mer du nord pres du. On july 6, 1988, in the piper oilfield, north sea, the worlds deadliest offshore oil industry disaster took place. Therefore, most of the personnel could not make decision to evacuate when the incident happens lord caplen,1997. Bibliography building process safety culture tool kit. In a managed organisation it is still necessary to check and control externally. The specific series of events that turned a simple process safety incident into a disaster began with a decision to change the mode of production on the platform.
At the time of the piper alpha incident the workforce lived in a world where cuttingedge technology was a fax machine, so the first that those working offshore knew of the incident was through newspapers. It was connected by an oil pipeline to flotta and by gas pipelines to two other installations. The accident killed 165 out of 226 crew members and two crew members from the standby vessel sandhaven. The controversy around it was heightened when a report. It was caused by a massive fire, which was not the result of an unpredictable act of god but of an accumulation of errors and questionable decisions. About piper alpha 35 in 1976 platform started production of oil. As part of its macondo investigation, the csb held a public hearing in december 2010 on the international use of. The accident that occurred on board the offshore platform piper alpha in july 1988 killed 167. While this 5 summary has been condensed and paraphrased, it is believed to been consistent with the. It began production in 1976, but on july 6, 1988 it. It began production in 1976, but on july 6, 1988 it was the site of the worlds. Jul 05, 20 the 1988 piper alpha tragedy claimed 167 lives after a gas leak caused the oil production platform to explode in a massive ball of flames. Accident investigation 4 introduction the incident covered in this study is piper alpha disaster which took place in 1988.
Beta this is a new way of showing guidance your feedback will help us improve it. If piper alpha disaster occurs today most of the uk offshore legislation regime will apply. In the following sections we will examine the causes of the piper alpha oil rig explosion and the subsequent inquiry into the incident that claimed 167 crew members lives. Piper 1 piper alpha case history the following information has been taken from the uk government publication the public inquiry into the piper alpha disaster the lord cullen report. Since drilling began in the north sea in the 1970s there have been 300 deaths on britains 123 oil installations, often in accidents caused by bad weather. See how a series of splitsecond decisions and tragic twists of fate will determine who survives historys deadliest offshore accident. Hudson also saw in piper alpha the need for safety to become a cultural, rather than management imperative. The headlines kept coming, as did the funerals and memorial services. The piper alpha disaster of 6th july 1988 resulted in the deaths of 167 men, injuries to 62 survivors and the total destruction of the oil platform by a series of explosions and fires.
The death toll included two crewmen of a rescue vessel. The piper alpha tragedy piper alpha was a large fixed structure platform located about 120 miles north east of aberdeen that was linked to two other platforms. British sector north sea oil field 120 miles aberdeen scotland 4 5. Today is the 29th anniversary 6 th july 1988 of when occidentals piper alpha rig in the north sea caught fire and was completely destroyed in a series of huge gas explosions, with the loss of 165 lives among the rigs crew and 2 of the rescue crew. The crew worked to resolve the issue before platform production was affected. Pipe lift raft on its aunching platform efore h, init. The explosion and fire on the piper alpha platform, 6 july. Professionalismpiper alpha oil rig disaster wikibooks. For instance, an action as simple as misplacing a permittowork certificate was just one of the root causes of the piper alpha incident in the north sea. Pdf it has now been well over 20 years since the north sea piper alpha disaster in. What caused the giant piper alpha oil rig explosion.
The piper alpha platform is the largest and oldest platform in the north sea oilfield. I say this because almost all the current offshore regulatory regime is direct bequest of the piper alpha incident all the 106 recommendations of lord cullen is being implemented by offshore industry. Piper alpha free download as powerpoint presentation. Speaking at the conference, he said management had failed to accept. Piper alpha continued to export just under 120,000 barrels of oil. Piper alpha is an offshore oil and gas platform that suffered an explosion. In 1988, piper alpha was operated by occidental petroleum caledonia ltd opcal, a wholly. This is piper alpha spiral to disaster bbc by green world group on vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them. Witness some of the harrowing stories of the 1988 explosion at piper alpha.
Learning from the piper alpha accident the offshore platform piper alpha, which was lo cated in the british sector of the north sea oil field and operated by occidental petroleum, was engulfed in a catastrophic fire on july 6, 1988. It began production in 1976, initially as an oilonly platform but later converted to add gas production. Piper alpha 25 years on have we learned the lessons. This article argues that there has been no clearly discernable pattern of improvement in terms of offshore incidents since the postpiper alpha. It produced oil from 24 wells and in its early life it had also produced gas from two wells. The accident that occurred on board the offshore platform piper alpha in july 1988 killed 167 people and cost billions of dollars in property damage. It appears your web browser is not configured to display pdf files. Constructed for oil collection by mcdermott engineering and operated by occidental group, piper alpha was located 120 miles northeast of aberdeen, scotland. Piper alpha proved spectacularly productive and when the operator, occidental, sought permission to increase rates, permission was granted on condition that gas should also be exported instead of being flared. But on july 6, 1988, the entire structure became consumed by a devastating and deadly fire. In fact, a number of offshore incidents in australia since.
E ven 25 years on, charles haffeys most powerful memory of the piper alpha disaster was the overwhelming, deafening noise. Lessons learnt, 2008 piper alpha was a large north sea oil platform that started production in 1976. In 1978 piper alpha was modified to process and export the natural gas to comply with uk gas conservation requirements 5 6. At about 10 pm, a simple miscommunication and safety lapse involving one of the platforms two condensate pumps caused a chain reaction, culminating in a chain reaction of explosions that completely destroyed the entire piper alpha oil rig. Aug 20, 20 the piper alpha disaster in 1988 shocked the world, and changed offshore safety management and legislation in the north sea beyond recognition.
Piper alpha was a large oil production platform in the north sea about 170 kilometers northeast of aberdeen. As shifts changed and the night crew aboard alpha piper assumed duties for the evening, one of the platforms two condensate pumps failed. Piper alpha presentation free download as powerpoint presentation. A mix of maintenance issues caused management to shift to an alternate mode that was rarely used and which put a higher level of stress 650 psi. May 25, 2014 importance learning from major incident piper alpha disaster 1 comment i t is vital that lessons are learned from all major incidents, as management, cultural and technical failure i. Piper alpha atform from the,xlpha forll the all pi. The incident that changed the whole industry piper alphawas anorth sea oil platform operated by occidental petroleumwhich began production in 1976 as an oil platform which later was converted to gas production an explosion and the resulting fires destroyed the entire platform on 6 th of july 1988, killing 167 workers the total insured loss of the platform. It was last inspected two weeks ago but last week there was a small fire on the rig.
Piper alpha was an oil production platform in the north sea approximately 120 miles 190 km northeast of aberdeen, scotland, that was operated by occidental petroleum caledonia limited. Within seconds a major unstabilised crudeoil fire developed and all but the wellhead area and the lower parts of. Both oil and gas was pumped from the two other platforms to piper alpha and subsequently pumped to. Piper alpha presentation safety emergency incident free.
So other platforms continued production and pumping of gas for sometime which supplied additional fuel to the fire at piper. Piper alpha timeline piper alpha was a large offshore rig based 100km off the coast of aberdeen. Summary the investigation into the piper alpha disaster has much to teach us thirty years on. The rig produced oil, gas and condensate primarily propane and was linked to two other drilling platforms via large undersea pipelines. Speaking at the conference, he said management had failed to accept signs of danger in the years of the worlds. The 1988 piper alpha tragedy claimed 167 lives after a gas leak caused the oil production platform to explode in a massive ball of flames. Lord cullen at the safety 30 piper alpha conference at aecc in june 2018. Piper alpha was a large north sea oil platform that started production in 1976. An explosion on the piper alpha platform occurred in july 1988. Engulfed in fire, over the next few hours most of the oil rig topside modules collapsed into the sea. The piper alpha disaster in 1988 shocked the world, and changed offshore safety management and legislation in the north sea beyond recognition. A pipeline network connected the piper alpha to the tartan and claymore production platforms, to the mcp01 gas pumping station, and to the flotta oil terminal on the orkney isles. Importance learning from major incident piper alpha disaster. Jul 03, 2018 piper alpha served as the catalyst for this major change, hudson wrote 10 years after the accident.1416 1204 1655 30 220 101 482 241 126 745 871 759 1039 1598 689 167 701 1652 122 523 698 411 1267 181 999 364 361 1176 415 1353 636 407 1470 1242 1106 701